Fire and Safety Prevention
- Keep burning candles, matches and lighters out of the reach of children.
- Teach children not to touch burning candles.
- Don’t place candles near draperies or combustible items (furniture, paper, and clothing, etc.).
- If you leave the room or the home, extinguish all flames.
- Place candles in sturdy, non-combustible holders.
Alternative Heat Sources
In the interest of home fire safety, the Detroit Fire Department DOES NOT encourage or recommend the use of portable electric or kerosene heaters. However, if a portable heater is used, please take the following precautions.
- Keep all portable heaters 5 feet from combustible materials, (i.e. furniture, bedding, and clothes).
- Check for frayed cords.
- Check heaters for a safety shut-off device. Heaters must have this device.
- Use the correct fuel.
- Do not overfill.
- When refueling, always turn off the heater and let it cool completely. Only refuel the heater outside.
- Store kerosene in a vented metal container with a tight-fitting lid.
- Never store kerosene or other flammable liquids near heat sources or in your home.
- Do not operate when you are sleeping or if you leave the home.
- Install UL-approved smoke and carbon monoxide detectors.
- Install smoke detectors on each level of their home and outside of sleeping areas.
- Have an evacuation plan and make sure all family members know it.
- Keep cigarettes, lighters and matches out of sight and reach of children.
- Never smoke in bed.
- Use large ashtrays and douse butts and ashes with water before discarding them.
- Never overload circuits or utilize more than one appliance in an electrical outlet.
- Don’t block exits or stairs.
- Annually clean chimney and use fire-proof glass doors for fireplaces.
- Never use security gates or bars.
- Never store gas-powered tools inside the home (i.e. lawnmower, chainsaw, and other equipment that uses a flammable liquid).
- Sleep with bedroom door closed. This will slow the lethal spread of any smoke and fire.
- If a fire should occur, take the following steps:
- Test doors with back of hand before opening.
- Use windows as an alternative escape route.
- Stuff clothing materials at bottom of doors if you are trapped, and hang a sheet or blanket outside of windows.
- Crawl low under smoke.
- Have a predetermined meeting spot, outside of your house, such as a neighbors’ home.
- In a high-rise fire, never use elevators. Use stairs only.
- Once out, stay out. Never re-enter a burning home.
Safety and Crime Prevention Tips
Crime prevention is key to stopping the ability and opportunity for a criminal. The use of instinct, knowledge, common sense, and awareness can make you a tough target.
Each year in the United States an estimated $65 million is lost in home invasions, muggings, and in other violent crimes. It is estimated that $600 billion is lost per year due to fraud.
You can help reduce the risk of crime by following these tips compiled from the FBI and the Michigan State Police.
- Stay alert.
- Keep your mind on your surroundings, who’s in front of you and who’s behind you. Don’t get distracted.
- Walk purposefully, stand tall, and make eye contact with people around you.
- TRUST YOUR INSTINCTS. If you feel uncomfortable in a situation, leave.
- Make yourself a “tough target.”
- Don’t think that it can’t happen to you.
- Should you resist? Everyone and every situation is different.
- Always be aware of your surroundings.
- If being followed or stalked, call 911 or drive directly to a police station.
- Keep your head. Stay as calm as possible and evaluate your options and resources.
- It may be more advisable to submit than to resist and risk severe injury or death. You will have to make this decision based on the circumstances. But, don’t resist if the attacker has a weapon.
- Keep assessing the situation as it is happening. If one strategy doesn’t work, try another. Possible options include negotiating, stalling for time, distracting the assailant and fleeing to a safe place, verbal assertiveness, screaming, and physical resistance.
- You may be able to turn the attacker off with unusual behavior such as throwing up, acting crazy, or stating you have a sexually transmitted disease.
- Go to a safe place and call the police.
- The sooner you report the crime, the greater the chances your attacker will be caught.
- DO NOT shower, bathe, douche, or destroy any clothing you were wearing. Do not disturb any physical evidence.
- Go to a hospital emergency room for medical care.
- Call someone to be with you. You should not be alone. Contact a rape treatment or crisis center to help you deal with the consequences of the assault.
- Keep your car in good condition with the gas tank at least half full.
- Park in well-lighted areas and lock your doors, no matter how long you’ll be gone.
- Put valuables out of sight or in the trunk.
- Check front and rear seats, and floorboards before entering your car.
- Drive with all doors locked and windows rolled up.
- Never pick up hitchhikers. If your car breaks down, put the hood up, lock the doors, turn on the flashers, and move to the passenger seat. Do not leave your car. If someone stops to help, roll down the window slightly and ask them to call the police or a tow truck.
- Avoid underground and enclosed parking garages if possible.
- When parking or returning to your vehicle, carry your keys and be aware of your surroundings.
- Consider investing in a cellular telephone.
- Try to use well-lighted and frequently used stops.
- Try to sit near the driver or conductor.
- Avoid sitting near exits. An attacker can reach in and grab a purse or jewelry as the bus or subway pulls away.
- Be alert to who gets off the bus or subway with you. If you feel uncomfortable, walk directly to a place where there are other people.
- Look in the elevator before getting in.
- Stand near the controls.
- Get off if someone suspicious enters. If you’re worried about someone who is waiting for the elevator with you, pretend you forgot something and don’t get on.
- If you’re attacked, press as many floor buttons as possible.
- Good locks, simple precautions, neighborhood awareness, and common sense can help prevent most property crimes.
- Install and use good deadbolt locks in your doors (about half of all burglars enter through unlocked doors and windows).
- Secure sliding glass doors with locks or a rigid wooden dowel wedged in the track.
- Lock double-hung windows by sliding a bolt or nail into a hole drilled at a downward angle through the top of each sash and into the frame.
- Trim back shrubbery hiding doors or windows. Cut back tree limbs that could help a thief climb to second story windows.
- Make sure all porches, entrances, and yards are well lighted.
- Maintain the neighborhood. Dark alleys, litter, and rundown areas attract criminals.
- Do not hide house keys in mail boxes, planters, or under doormats.
- Do not put personal identification on key rings.
- Leave only your ignition key with mechanics or parking attendants.
- If you lose the keys to your home or move into a new home, change the locks immediately.
- Install a peephole or viewer in all entry doors so you can see who is outside without opening the door.
- Do not trust door chains. They can be easily broken.
- Don’t open the door to anyone you don’t know. Insist service personnel verify their identity before allowing them in.
- Don’t give any information to “wrong number” callers.
- Check references of any person calling about a survey or credit check before offering information.
- Hang up immediately on threatening or harassing calls.
- Make your home appear occupied when you go out.
- Leave lights on and the radio playing.
- Keep your garage door closed and locked.
- Use timing devices to turn inside lights on and off.
- If you will be gone several days, arrange to have the mail and papers stopped or picked up. Half of all home burglaries occur during the day when alert neighbors could spot and report the thieves.
- Work with public agencies and other neighborhood-based or community-wide organizations, on solving common problems. Don’t be shy about letting them know what your community needs.
- Make sure that all the youth in the neighborhood have positive ways to spend their spare time, through organized recreation, tutoring programs, part-time work, and volunteer opportunities.
- Set up a Neighborhood Watch or a community patrol working with police. Make sure your streets and homes are well lighted.
- Build a partnership with police, focused on solving problems instead of reacting to crises. Make it possible for neighbors to report suspicious activity or crimes without fear of retaliation.
- Take advantage of “safety in numbers” to hold rallies, marches, and other group activities to show you’re determined to drive out crime and drugs.
- Clean up the neighborhood! Involve everyone; teens, children, senior citizens. Graffiti, litter, abandoned cars, and run-down buildings tell criminals that you don’t care about where you live or each other. Call the city public works department and ask for help in cleaning up.
- Ask local officials to use new ways to get criminals out of your building or neighborhood. These include enforcing anti-noise laws, housing codes, health and fire codes, anti-nuisance laws, and drug-free clauses in rental leases.
- Form a Court Watch to help support victims and witnesses and to see that criminals get fairly punished.
- Work with schools to establish drug-free, gun-free zones; work with recreation officials to do the same for parks.
- Develop and share a phone list of local organizations that can provide counseling, job training, guidance, and other services that neighbors might need.
Gun Safety is the responsibility of every adult, whether or not you own a firearm.
If you own a firearm and obtain a concealed weapons permit, you are required by Michigan law to know that there are “Pistol Free” zones in Michigan. It is illegal to carry a pistol on school property, into public or private day care centers, sports arenas, churches, hospitals, casinos, a dormitory, or classroom of a college or university, an entertainment facility that seats 2,500 people or more, and a dining room, lounge, or bar area of a premises licensed under the Liquor Control Commission (MCL 28.425.01).
As an adult, you are responsible for properly securing your firearm. If another person is injured as a result of your negligence in properly securing a gun, you can be charged with a crime or be held civilly liable. If convicted, you could be fined or sentenced to time in prison.
What your children need to know
Children should know that guns are not toys, that guns are dangerous and can hurt people.
If they see or find a gun (even if they think the gun looks like a toy), they should follow these three steps to safety:
- They should not touch or handle the gun.
- They should get away from the gun quickly, leave the area.
- They should immediately tell a trusted adult (parent, guardian, teacher or police officer) about the gun.
It is illegal to bring weapons to school, onto school property, or into vehicles used by a school to transport students to and from school property (Michigan’s “Weapon Free School Zone” MCL 750.237A). Michigan law requires schools to expel students who bring weapons onto school grounds or to school events (MCL 380.1311).